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Two museums of great importance are the Archaeological Museum and the Museum of Prehistoric Thera where exceptional artifacts and finds from the excavations on the island can be found

Akrotiri is one of the most important prehistoric settlements of the Aegean.The land of the excavations. The first habitation at the site dates from the Late Neolithic times (from 4th millennium BC). In Medieval times, Akrotiri was one of the 5 fortified settlements on the island. Akrotiri lies exactly on the axis of the shipping lane from Piraeus to Alexandria. The lighthouse is one of the best in Greece. From the light house you can enjoy a different angle of the caldera and the most spectacular sunset in the world overlooking the whole rim of the Cliffside.
Archaeological Site of Akrotiri
This fascinating archaeological site was first discovered in the late 1860s but its buildings date back to earlier than 17th century B.C. This former Minoan outpost, which, according to the Greek Ministry of Culture, is considered one of the most important prehistoric settlements of the Aegean Sea, was once a thriving port town. The city was later destroyed by a massive volcanic eruption, the same one that made Santorini look like it is today. Thanks to years of excavation, enough of the site has been uncovered (only one-third of the site is said to have been excavated) to allow visitors to explore. Here, travelers can look at multi-level buildings, loads of pottery and even drainage systems. What is absent, however, is any sign of its former residences. This has led scientists to believe that Akrotiri’s previous inhabitants knew of the eruption and fled the island accordingly.
Museum of Prehistoric Thera
Taking a trip to the Museum of Prehistoric Thera is a great way to finish exploring the ruins of Santorini’s ancient cities. This tiny museum in the heart of Thira houses frescoes and other archaeological treasures found during the excavation of Ancient Akrotiri, which was destroyed by the volcanic eruption that made Santorini look like it does today. Some of the pieces here date back several thousand years (some of the pottery on display is leftover from 3,000 BC) and offer insight into early human life on the Greek Islands, making this an interesting place to check out if you’re keen to learning more about the island’s history.